Is Chocolate Safe For IBS?


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Chocolate is a high sugar and dairy treat that many IBS sufferers love to eat and have a hard time resisting. What are the effects that chocolate will have on people with IBS? 

Learn more about chocolate and its health benefits, and how chocolate affects the digestive systems of people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Chocolate Health Benefits

Chocolate has been proven to help reduce stress and anxiety, increase energy levels, and lower blood pressure. Many studies also show that eating chocolate may help prevent heart disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, depression, and even cancer.

The best part about chocolate is that it contains antioxidants and flavonoids which fight free radicals, making it a great source for healthy living!

Chocolate products made with monounsaturated fats (the same as those found in cocoa butter, avocados, and olive oil) are more heart-healthy than others.

Is Chocolate Bad for IBS?

Chocolate is traditionally associated with stomach problems. While there isn’t enough research yet to prove whether or not chocolate can cause an upset stomach in people with IBS, some experts believe that too much chocolate could worsen symptoms.

If you are having trouble controlling your IBS symptoms, try cutting back on chocolate until you feel better.

Milk chocolate can be especially problematic because it contains lactose, fat, and lots of sugar. For those with both lactose intolerance and IBS, the effects will be worse. 

Cocoa powder might help counteract these negative effects of traditional chocolate. It can help promote beneficial gut bacteria growth and probiotic strains like Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. 

Cocoa Powder

Ground cocoa beans are dried and then pulverized into a fine powder called cocoa powder that’s extracted from chocolate liquor. Chocolate liquor originates from ground cocoa beans, which are a mix of cocoa butter and cocoa solids.

If you do decide to indulge in a little bit of chocolate, make sure to limit yourself to one small square at a time. You don’t want to overdo it!

Read other caffeine-related articles:

How Much Chocolate Can You Eat?

Monash University researchers in Australia tested different chocolates and cocoa for their FODMAP content and how much they would affect people with IBS. Doctors will often recommend Low FODMAP diets for IBS symptoms

Here are Monash’s recommended servings for various chocolate types for a FODMAP diet: 

  • Milk Chocolate and White Chocolate – Low FODMAP is 0.5 ounce a serving. Once you reach 1 ounce, lactose intolerance symptoms will start to show. 
  • Dark Chocolate – 0.5 to 3 ounces a serving is considered low in FODMAPs. 
  • Cocoa Powder – 2 to 4 heaping teaspoons of cocoa powder are considered low in FODMAPs.
  • Chocolate Drinks containing 23-60% Cocoa – These are generally low in FODMAPs. However, drinks containing more than 3 ounces per serving may be higher in FODMAPs.

High FODMAP sugars can come from honey, high fructose corn syrup, and sugar alcohols like sorbitol, maltitol, and mannitol. 

White Chocolate and Dark Chocolate

Chocolate and Food Allergies

Although chocolate is known to help out those with depression or stress, you may want to rethink that again the next time you decide to indulge in chocolate. Many IBS sufferers have developed food allergies as a result of this condition.

The primary type of food allergy that most IBS patients have, is a dairy allergy or lactose intolerance. Many people often have to run to the restroom immediately or shortly afterwards when indulging in any type of dairy product, such as cheese and milk. Or in the case of chocolates, the milk content in the product triggers gastrointestinal distress.

Chocolate and Caffeine Content

Caffeine is a stimulant that many people use to keep themselves awake during the day. Some studies have shown that caffeine can actually aggravate IBS symptoms in some individuals. If you suffer from frequent bouts of diarrhea, then you should avoid consuming large amounts of coffee or tea.

Did you know that chocolate also contains caffeine? 

Chocolate contains caffeine, but milk chocolate doesn’t contain as much caffeine as dark chocolate. White chocolate contains none of the caffeine present in dark chocolate.  

Caffeine does stimulate alertness and mental focus, but it can also cause problems for people who suffer from IBS. Caffeine speeds up bowel movements, increases stomach acid production, and raises blood pressure. Coffee drinkers may experience worsening gastrointestinal symptoms.

How to Eat Chocolate if You Have IBS

If you really love chocolate, you can try to eat dark chocolate with as much cocoa content as possible.

The higher the percentage of cocoa the better, because that means there are fewer unhealthy sugars and less dairy in the chocolate. A darker chocolate will also help satisfy your chocolate cravings more, so it’s easier to eat smaller portions. 

Dark chocolate can be awfully bitter if you jump to an 85% cocoa, so you may want to start with a lower percentage of cocoa. As you become accustomed to the taste, increase the percentage of cocoa.

My recommendation: if you have reactions to chocolate or dairy, avoid them all (dairy products) for at least a month before reintroducing them into your diet in small quantities. You may feel no reaction or a milder reaction after each month of avoidance.

Cocoa Beans and Powder

Remember that when you reintroduce chocolate into your body, after a period of avoidance, you want to consume small amounts at first. This allows your body to adapt to chocolate in the body again, instead of flooding it with a food item that you were once sensitive to.

Adding raw cacao to smoothies is another great way to eat chocolate. You get the vitamins and nutrients from the fruits and vegetables in smoothies, while getting a natural sweetness from the cacao content. 

Cacao beans have all of the healthful properties of cocoa ,but they doesn’t contain any refined sugars or dairy products. Cacao can help make your smoothies taste rich and creamy.

Chocolate and IBS Final Thoughts

All in all, chocolate is one of life’s greatest pleasures. It helps us relax, it makes us happy, and it tastes delicious!

However, don’t forget about the side effects of eating too much chocolate. If you are suffering from IBS, limit your intake of chocolate and try to avoid milk chocolate, as the sugar and dairy content may be giving you trouble.

In addition, if you do decide to indulge in some chocolate, remember to limit yourself to small portions and eat chocolate in moderation.

Read more about IBS and other foods: 

Do You Have IBS? Quiz
Julie C. Guider MyGoodGut

Medically reviewed by Julie Guider, M.D.

Dr. Julie Guider earned her medical degree from Louisiana State University School of Medicine. She completed residency in internal medicine at the University of Virginia. She completed her general gastroenterology and advanced endoscopy fellowships at University of Texas-Houston. She is a member of several national GI societies including the AGA, ACG, and ASGE as well as state and local medical societies.